Version 1.0 of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard was released in January 1996. 25 years and three attempts later, we’ve gone from USB 1.0’s 12 Mbit/s speeds to USB4’s 40 Gbit/s speeds. Here’s how USB conquered the world. The Problem: Wrestling with Ports and IRQs In the early 1990s, connecting peripherals to PCs was a mess. To use set up any PC, you had to utilize a handful of different types of incompatible ports and connectors. Most commonly, those included a keyboard port, a 9- or 25-pin RS-232 serial port , and a 25-pin parallel port . In addition, PC game controllers used their own 15-pin standard, and mice often plugged into serial ports or proprietary cards. At the same time, peripheral manufacturers began bumping into data rate limits in existing ports used for peripherals on PCs. Demand for telephony, video, and audio applications was growing. Traditionally, vendors had sidestepped these limitations by introducing their own proprietary ports that could be … [Read more...] about 25 Years of Making Connections With USB (After Three Attempts)
On February 1, 1991, John Romero, John Carmack, Tom Hall, and Adrian Carmack officially founded id Software. The group went on to revolutionize the game industry with franchises such as Wolfenstein , Doom , and Quake . Here’s a look back at id Software over the last 30 years, with a little help from those legendary developers. id Software: The House That Keen Built The story of id Software began in the late 1980s, when John Carmack, John Romero, Adrian Carmack (no relation to John), and Tom Hall developed games for a mail-order disk magazine company called Softdisk , located in Shreveport, Louisiana. After John Carmack devised a breakthrough scrolling technique for PC games in mid-1990, Hall, Romero, and Carmack created a new platform game— Commander Keen —based on the technology while secretly moonlighting at Softdisk. Soon the talented group began communicating with Scott Miller of Apogee Software , a pioneering shareware publisher. After some … [Read more...] about From Keen to Doom: id Software’s Founders Talk 30 Years of Gaming History
If you’ve ever seen a popular, modern movie a few years after it came out, then you’ve probably felt LTTP. Here’s what this initialism is and how to use it on social media. Late to the Party LTTP stands for “late to the party.” It’s taken from a widespread idiomatic expression that means being involved in or aware of something later than other people. LTTP can be typed in both the uppercase “LTTP” and the lowercase “lttp.” This acronym can be used in two ways. First, it can mean that you’re late to a popular or significant cultural moment. For example, you’re LTTP if you haven’t watched any of the movies in a blockbuster franchise, or if you’ve missed the latest dance trend. Alternatively, it can mean actually being late to a conversation or event, so you need other people to explain what you missed. It’s very similar to the internet acronym OOTL, which means “out of the loop.” These acronyms refer to being ignorant about something important, often current events or … [Read more...] about What Does “LTTP” Mean, and How Do You Use It?